Sustainability is a critically important goal for human activity and development. Sustainability in the area of energy is of great importance to any plans for overall sustainability given 1) the pervasiveness of energy use, 2) its importance in economic development and living standards, and 3) the significant impacts that energy processes and systems have had, and continue to have, on the environment. Factors that need to be considered and appropriately addressed in moving towards energy sustainability are being considering more and more. These include appropriate energy resources bearing in mind sustainability criteria, facilitation of the use of sustainable energy resources, enhancement of the efficiency of energy-related processes, and a holistic adoption of environmental stewardship in energy activities. In addition, other key sustainability measures are addressed, such as economics, equity, land use, lifestyle, sociopolitical factors and population. Options and pathways for energy sustainability and the broader ultimate objective of sustainability have to be considered all around the world.
Sustainability could be defined as an ability or capacity of something to be maintained or to sustain itself. It’s about taking what we need to live now, without jeopardising the potential for people in the future to meet their needs.
The below is a list (alphabetically sorted) that pretends to show the most important themes that have to be covered underneath of sustainability umbrella.